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SC Exotic Pest Plant Council Non-Native Invasive Plant Species List ≠ March, 2004

 

Committee Members:Jan Haldeman, John Nelson, Ken Glenn, and Robin Roecker

Reviewers (those providing comments): Bert Pittman, Bill Stringer, Jean Everett, Patrick McMillan, Charlie Horn, Chick Gaddy, Bob McCartney, Mark Dutton

 

Definitions

 

1. Severe threat: Exotic invasive plant species which are known to pose a severe threat to the composition, structure, or function of natural areas in the state of South Carolina

2. Significant threat: Exotic invasive plant species which are not presently considered to spread as easily into native plant communities as #1.

3. Watch: Exotic plant species that are considered to be a potential threat to natural plant communities.

Distribution codes: ( Based upon maps of SC Plant Atlas )

M = mountains

P =piedmont

CP = coastalplain

Species List, by Severity of Threat and by Growth Form

Trees

Severe Threat:††††

Triadica sebifera, Chinese tallow tree††† PCP(Sapium sebifera in Atlas )

Significant Threat :

Ailanthus altissima, Tree of heaven††† MPCP

Albizia julibrissin, Mimosa, Silktree††† MPCP

Melia azedarach, Chinaberry†††† MPCP

Paulownia tomentosa, Princess tree††† MP

Watch:

Firmiana simplex, Chinese Parasol Tree

Pyrus calleryana, Bradford pear††† Not in Atlas

Shrubs

Severe Threat:

Elaeagnus angustifolia, Russian Olive††† Notin Atlas

Elaeagnus pungens, Thorny Olive††† MP

Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn Olive††† MP

Ligustrum japonicum, Japanese Privet†† MPCP

Ligustrum sinensis, Chinese Privet††† MPCP

Rosa multiflora, Multiflora Rose††† MPCP

Significant Threat:

Lespedeza bicolor, Two Color Bush Clover

Mahonia bealei, Leatherleaf Mahonia††† P

Mahonia nervosa, Cascade Oregon Grape†† CP

Nandina domestica, Nadina, Sacred Bamboo†† M

Watch:

Cytisus scoparius, Scotch Broom†††† MP

Euonymus fortunei, Climbing Euonymus, Winter Creeper Not inAtlas.

Euonymus alata, Winged Euonymus, Buring BushNot in Atlas

Lonicera fragrantissima, Sweet Breath of Spring.MPCP

Poncirus trifoliata, Trifoliate Orange††† M

Vines

Severe Threat:

Lonicera japonica, Japanese Honeysuckle†† MPCP

Pueraria lobata, Kudzu†††† MPCP

Wisteria sinensis, Chinese Wisteria††† MPCP

Wisteria floribunda, Asian Wisteria††† P

Significant Threat:

Hedera helix, English Ivy††††† MPCP

Lygodium japonicum, Japanese Climbing FernMPCP

Vitex rotundifolia, Beach Vitex††† CP

Watch:

Celastrus orbiculatus, Asian Bittersweet†† MP

Clematis terniflora, Sweet Autumn Virginís BowerMPCP

Cuscuta japonica, Japanese dodder††† M

Dioscorea oppositifolia, Air potato, Chinese yamMPCP

Fallopia aubertii, Lace vine†††† Not in Atlas

Grasses, sedges

Severe Threat:

Microstegium vimineum, Japanese stilt grass†† MPCP

Phragmites australis, Common reed††† CP

Significant Threat:

Arundo donax, Giant Reed†††† MPCP

Paspalum notatum, Bahia grass††† MPCP

Phyllostachys aurea Bamboo†††† PCP

Miscanthus sinensis, Chinese Silvergrass†† MPCP

Schedonorus arundinaceus, Tall Fescue†† Not in Atlas (Schedonorus arundinaceus or Festuca arundinaceus )

Watch:

Cyperus entrerianus, Deep-rooted sedge†† Not in Atlas

Eragrostis curvula, Weeping Love Grass†† PCP

Imperata cylindrica, Cogon Grass††† CP

Sorghum halepense, Johnson Grass††† MPCP

Herbs

Severe Threat:

Murdannia keisak, Wart Removing Herb†† MPCP

Significant Threat:

Carduus nutans, Nodding Thistle, Marsh ThistleMP

Cirsium vulgare, Bull Thistle†††† MP

Reynoutria japonica, Japanese Knotweed†† Not in Atlas

Solanum viarum, Tropical Soda Apple†† Not in Atlas

Watch:

Allaria petiolata, Garlic Mustard††† Not in Atlas

Colocasia esculanta., Elephantís Ear††† Not in Atlas

Commelina bengalensis, Tropical SpiderwortNot in Atlas

Daucus carota, Queen Anneís Lace††† MPCP

Lespedeza cuneata, Serecea, Chinese Bush CloverMPCP

Liriope muscari, Liriope, Monkey Grass†† Not in Atlas

Lythrum saicaria, Purple Loosestrife††† Not in Atlas

Phyllanthus tenellus, Mascarene Island LeafflowerMPCP

Phyllanthus urinaria, Leafflower, ShatterstonePCP

Vinca major, Bigleaf Periwinkle††† MPCP

Vinca minor, Common Periwinkle††† MP